Are you a runner who wants to know what to eat the night before a long run? Knowing which components should be included in your pre-run meal and what things to avoid can greatly improve your overall running experience.
This blog post will tell you what to eat the night before a run and provide nutritional tips for the best possible pre-race meal plan, helping you stay energized during a long run. Let’s dive right in!
What to eat for dinner before a marathon?
During a pre-marathon dinner, runners should focus on carbohydrates as their main source of energy. Lean proteins, including eggs, fish, and poultry, should also be included in the pre-run diet to provide adequate nutrition for endurance without overloading on high-fat foods. Avoid fried foods and sugary snacks, due to their lack of nutrients and the fact that they can’t sustain energy during long-term exercise.
Why Nutrition Is Important for Runners
Nutrition plays a significant role in running performance and recovery, especially for those participating in marathons or other long-distance races. For optimal performance during the race, runners need to fuel their bodies with the right nutrients.
A pre-race evening meal should include carbohydrates, protein, fats, and vitamins and minerals from all food groups. Carbohydrates provide energy for running, as well as improved mental focus and concentration. Protein helps with muscle repair after competition while also helping runners maintain lean muscle mass. Fats help with fat oxidation during exercise, which can increase speed potential for competitive athletes over long distances.
To get the most out of your training, it is vital to eat a well-rounded diet that includes nutrient-dense foods from natural sources rather than processed foods high in sugar and saturated fats.
What Should Be in the Diet of Long-Distance Runners?
Carbs, proteins, fats, and plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables are essential components of any runner’s diet, as they will help build endurance and strength. Let’s learn a bit more about what to eat the night before a race:
Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy for high- and moderate-intensity exercises, allowing runners to run with more power during races and training runs.
Carbs also act as an important “fuel tank,” providing a reliable fuel source that can be tapped into when needed. It is key that runners consume carbohydrates before a long run in order to ensure they get enough energy and maximize their performance.
Endurance athletes need more protein than non-athletes, as it plays an important role in muscle repair and recovery and also helps support energy levels during long runs.
The recommended daily intake of protein for distance runners is between 0.5-0.7 grams per pound of bodyweight, depending on their activity level. It’s best to get most of it from low-fat sources such as eggs, fish, poultry, beans, lentils, and tofu. If you wonder what to eat day before long run, these sources provide high-quality proteins that are better digested and absorbed by the body. They also help replenish depleted muscles right after a run or race.
Long-distance runners need dietary fats to maintain energy and aid in recovery. Healthy fats should make up 20% to 25% of a runner’s total caloric intake (0.25-0.6 g per pound of bodyweight).
Examples of healthy fats include olives and olive oil, avocado, nuts (like almonds and walnuts), fatty fish (like salmon or mackerel), and nut butters (like peanut butter or almond butter).
4. Vegetables and Fruits
Consuming enough vegetables and fruits provides plenty of nutrients that runners need to stay adequately fueled. Vegetables like kale, sweet potatoes, and spinach provide iron, which helps runners build up their natural red blood cells. They are also rich in minerals such as magnesium and zinc, which help with muscle recovery after a hard run. Fruits and veggies that are lower in fiber, such as zucchini, tomatoes, olives, and grapes, are also recommended by experts before running due to the digestion benefits they provide.
Why Runners Need Carbohydrates Before Long Runs
Carbohydrates are essential to fuel the muscles for long runs. Athletes should pay attention to the types of carbs they consume, as there are both simple carbs and complex carbs, which can provide different levels of energy.
Simple carbohydrates, such as sugars, play an important role in sports nutrition for runners. These simple sugars provide a fast and reliable source of energy that can be quickly absorbed into the body to provide a boost during long runs.
Since these simple carbs are easily digested by the body, they offer quick relief from hunger, without leading to discomfort or indigestion. These are a good option to consume during a run when you need short-term fuel.
Complex carbohydrates are created by linking together sugar molecules, providing a slow-release source of energy that can last throughout the duration of a long run.
Examples of complex carbs include oats, quinoa, barley and bran, all of which are excellent sources of nourishment on the night before a big run. Other sources include whole grains such as whole-wheat pasta and breads, both of which contain fiber and B vitamins that improve metabolism and reduce fatigue during extended exercise periods.
Meal Plan for the Night Before a Long Run
A pre-marathon dinner should include a balanced mix of proteins, fats, and complex carbohydrates to ensure enough energy for the upcoming run. Here are four of our favorite ideas:
1. Salmon Pasta and Asparagus
Salmon provides a lean source of healthy protein, while pasta is an excellent complex carbohydrate, and also offers B vitamins. Asparagus contains Vitamin A and C, along with B6 and folate, which support healthy muscle tissue growth.
This combination gives long-distance runners the energy they need to complete a long effort without feeling sluggish or fatigued.
- Serving size: 380g
- Calories: 460
- Carbs: 68g
- Fat: 13g
- Protein: 17g
2. Chicken Sandwiches
Chicken sandwiches are one of the best meal the night before long run due to their balance of carbohydrates, lean protein, and healthy fats. Chicken sandwiches with whole-grain bread provide a substantial amount of complex carbs, which provide a slow release of energy throughout your run.
In addition to being high in B vitamins like niacin, thiamine, and B6, chicken is an excellent source of lean protein, which can help promote muscle health before a run and aid with recovery afterward.
- Serving size: 2 sandwiches
- Calories: 360
- Carbs: 44g
- Fat: 11g
- Protein: 18g
3. Steak and Grilled Veggies
Full of protein, B-vitamins, and complex carbohydrates, this meal provides sustained energy to fuel your run the following day.
Enjoy lean cuts, like sirloin or flank steak, with vegetables such as bell pepper, zucchini, carrot, or broccoli for maximum nutritional benefits.
- Serving size: 283g
- Calories: 258
- Carbs: 12g
- Fat: 8g
- Protein: 35g
Be sure to season lightly with herbs and spices, while avoiding added salt. Slice up steak into smaller portions after grilling in order to aid digestion before you hit the pavement.
4. Cereal and Fruits
Fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, which provide a powerful combination of good nutrition for optimal running performance. Complex carbohydrates such as cereals contain fiber, which helps improve digestion for more sustainable energy during an endurance race.
Eating cereal and fruit together helps to increase the meal’s nutritional value and provides long-lasting fuel, which is essential for any long-distance runner. Furthermore, this type of pre-run meal is easily digestible, so it won’t leave you feeling weighed down on marathon morning.
- Serving size: 1 cup
- Calories: 200
- Carbs: 35g
- Fat: 3.5g
- Protein: 7g
What to Eat Before a Run in the Morning
Now that you know what to eat the night before a half-marathon, let’s discuss some pre-run breakfast options:
1. Complex Carbs
A breakfast rich in complex carbs is recommended before running, since they release energy over a longer period of time compared to simple sugars.
Long-distance runners should consider including complex carbs such as oats, brown rice, quinoa, sweet potatoes, barley, and buckwheat in their breakfasts for optimal performance during a race. Be sure to mix carbs with some healthy fats, like avocado or coconut oil, to increase the amount of energy you get during the run.
2. Lean Proteins
Lean proteins like yogurt and eggs can be great food choices for runners who are looking to make sure they have enough energy before a long run. These protein sources provide essential nutrients and energy and promote muscle building.
Greek yogurt is particularly beneficial, because it provides around double the amount of protein compared to regular yogurt. It also contains slow-digesting carbohydrates that help keep energy levels stable throughout your run.
Egg whites are rich in quality proteins and relatively low in calories. They help rebuild muscles without adding any extra weight to carry along on your journey.
3. Hydrating Foods
To maintain proper hydration levels, it is recommended to include hydrating foods in the pre-run meal. Foods with high water content, such as fruits, vegetables, and berries, can provide an excellent source of energy during the run and also help prevent dehydration.
Fruits like grapes, watermelon, peaches, and grapefruit contain lower amounts of fiber, so they are easier to digest before runs than more fibrous options.
What Not to Eat the Night Before a Long Run
It is important to avoid some types of foods before running a long distance:
1. Legumes and Beans
Legumes and beans like chickpeas, lentils, peas, kidney beans, and black beans should be avoided the night before a long run, as they are high in fiber. This type of food can cause gastrointestinal discomfort during a marathon or other race, or even just an intense workout session.
The fiber found in legumes may not have sufficient time to digest, which could lead to digestive issues (such as bloating) on your run day morning. Consuming any high-fiber foods before a long race or run can be detrimental to a runner’s performance, as it can result in gastrointestinal issues.
2. High-Fat Foods
High-fat foods can slow down digestion and cause discomfort during a run. Fatty foods such as cheese, peanut butter, and similar snacks take longer to digest and can slow down a runner during a tough marathon or long-distance event.
It is generally best to avoid eating fatty foods before running, especially within three hours of starting. These types of food tend to stay in our system for much longer, causing stomach upset during a run.
3. Spicy Foods
Eating spicy cuisine, like Thai curries or Mexican tacos, can cause uncomfortable gastrointestinal issues during a race, resulting in stomach discomfort and an inability to focus.
Additionally, these high-fat and often carb-heavy meals are not ideal pre-race nutrition choices and tend to require more energy to digest. This might result in slowing you down on marathon day or leaving you feeling sluggish instead of energized.
4. Sugary and Carb-Heavy Foods
High levels of sugar in the bloodstream can cause an initial burst of energy, but this is generally followed by a “crash” or extreme fatigue during the run itself. Runners should focus on consuming lean proteins and complex carbohydrates, while avoiding sugary drinks or desserts that could lead to dehydration or weaken their immune system.
What Other Tips Do You Need Before a Long Run?
In addition to eating before a long run, having the right mixture of snacks and fluids on hand can help fuel your race and assist with post-run recovery.
Snacks provide a vital source of fuel and energy before, during, and even after a long run or race. They should contain digestible carbohydrates that can be quickly absorbed by your body so you have instantly available fuel for maximum efficiency when running.
When running long distances, it is important to ensure proper and adequate hydration. By drinking 8 ounces of water or energy drink every half hour during a run, runners can stay ahead of dehydration and prevent fatigue.
Increasing fluid intake in the days leading up to a race or long run will also help ensure that your body is fully prepared for race day. On race day, make sure you consume 17 to 20 ounces of water with your pre-run meal.
Frequently Asked Questions About the Best Night-Before-Marathon Meal
How Much Should I Eat the Night Before a Long Run?
The night before a long run, runners should eat a moderate-sized meal rich in carbohydrates, with lower amounts of protein and fat. The recommended daily amount of carbohydrates is 3-5 grams per pound of body weight, 3 or 4 days prior to the race.
What Should I Do the Night Before a Big Run?
It is especially important to have good rest and a healthy dinner the night before a big run. Make sure your pre-race nutrition includes complex carbohydrates for optimal performance. As you plan out the night-before meal, it is good to avoid sugary drinks and energy drinks that provide empty calories.
Final Thought on What to Eat Night Before Marathon
The night before a long run is an important time to focus on nutrition. It is essential to fuel the body for endurance and performance, focusing on carbohydrates as the main source of energy.
Protein should also be included in the pre-run meal, but it’s important to select lean protein sources such as eggs, fish, and poultry, and to avoid high-fat content in general. Fried foods and sugary refined carbs should be avoided, as these foods are non-nutritious sources of calories.
Eating well the night before a long run will ensure better performance, so taking some time for careful meal planning beforehand can really help you reach your goals.
What is your best food to eat night before a race? Please share your ideas in the comments below.
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